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Large Mammals In Australia

357 indigenous and 22 introduced. The largest land dwelling mammal on earth at seven tons the african elephant is smaller than the blue whale for good reason.

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Australia has a large number of indigenous rodents all from the family muridae these are presumed to have arrived within the last 4 million years from asia.

Large mammals in australia. Photos and facts about mammals of australia including habitat conservation distribution maps. Australia s mammalian wildlife is unique from the rest of the world. The perentie varanus giganteus which grows up to 2 5 m 8 ft.

The thylacine or tasmanian tiger was the largest. Perhaps the most iconic australian animal kangaroos are marsupials that are indigenous to the country. The dasyuridae with 51 members and the myrmecobiidae with the numbat as its sole surviving member.

Marine mammals such as seals sea lions whales dolphins and the dugong cannot breathe underwater but have developed some extraordinary adaptations to aquatic life. This is the list of rodents of australia. There are 25 goanna species found in australia and a further 5 species found in southeast asia.

The black rat brown rat pacific rat and house mouse were accidentally introduced to australia with european settlement as was a small population of the five lined palm squirrel near perth. The african elephant the world s biggest elephant. Prior research suggested that such large mammals began disappearing faster than their smaller counterparts a phenomenon known as size biased extinction in australia around 35 000 years ago.

The list includes 2 monotremes 159 marsupials 76 bats 69 rodents 5 introduced 10 pinnipeds 3 terrestrial carnivorans 2 recent and 1 sub recent introductions 13 introduced ungulates 2 introduced lagomorphs 44 cetaceans and 1 sirenian. One reason the african elephant has enormous ears is to help dissipate its internal body heat. The dingo or wild dog is our largest carnivorous mammal while the numbat quoll and tasmanian devil are each generally the size of an average house cat.

Australia s unique assemblage of around 60 marine mammal species appears to have fared better although the status of many species is still not well known. According to the australian government there are approximately 34 million kangaroos in the country. Australia s smallest goanna is the short tailed monitor.

Australia is also home to the world s largest and most diverse selection of marsupials. A total of 379 species of mammals have been recorded in australia and surrounding continental waters. Mammals with a pouch in which they rear their young the marsupial carnivores order dasyuromorphia are represented by two surviving families.

The buoyancy of water helps to counteract the blue whale s weight and elephants are terrestrial. 2 in in length is australia s largest lizard and the fourth largest lizard in the world. The largest species is the red kangaroo which stands over 6 feet tall.

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